Chinese government allows parents three children

Chinese government allows parents three children by ending two child policy

Chinese government allows parents three children
Two minute reads :

The Government of China has decided to allow each couple to have three children, putting an end to its two-child policy.

The announcement has come after the population data of China over the past decade showed the slowest population growth in the country in decades.

The latest move was approved by President Xi Jinping at a meeting of top Communist Party officials.
China scrapped its decades-old one-child policy in 2016, replacing it with a two-child limit which has failed to lead to a sustained upsurge in births.
Human rights organisation Amnesty International said the policy, like its predecessors, was still a violation of sexual and reproductive rights.
The cost of raising children in cities has deterred many Chinese couples.

China previous child policies :

  • The government’s move in 2016 to allow couples to have two children failed to reverse the country’s falling birth rate despite a two-year increase immediately afterwards.
  • Yue Su, principal economist from The Economist Intelligence Unit, said: “While the second-child policy had a positive impact on the birth rate, it proved short-term in nature.”
  • China’s population trends have over the years been largely shaped by the one-child policy, which was introduced in 1979 to slow population growth.
  • Families that violated the rules faced fines, loss of employment and sometimes forced abortions.

What did the census say?

  • The census, released this month, showed that around 12 million babies were born last year – a significant decrease from the 18 million in 2016, and the lowest number of births recorded since the 1960s.
  • The census was conducted in late 2020 – some seven million census takers had gone door to door to collect information from households.

Important takeaways of China :

  • Currency : Renminbi (yuan; ¥)
  • President : Xi Jingping
  • Capital : Beijing
Chinese government allows parents three children
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Chinese government allows parents three children

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